- At home: You can apply warm compresses over the painful area. Exercise your lower jaw by moving it side to side and trying to open and close your mouth. Try this after you apply a warm compress for 20 minutes.
- Medications: Muscle relaxant medicines are prescribed which will help control muscle spasm and pain. Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAID’s) like aspirin or ibuprofen will reduce pain and swelling. Low-dose antidepressants may also be given for pain modification.
- Physical Therapy: Physical Therapy exercises help relax your muscles and improve jaw movements. Physiotherapists make use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) unit and ultrasound which promotes tissue healing and helps relax your muscles.
- Diet changes: You should eat a soft diet and eat small amounts of food at each sitting.
- Splint therapy:
This treatment is suggested to eliminate the effects of clenching or grinding the teeth. A splint is an appliance that fits over the chewing surfaces of your upper and lower teeth.
For those with a temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD), a moveable jaw repositioning appliance can be used to help train the jaw to close in the correct position. These are also known as splints and can be worn either on the upper or lower jaw.